examination standards

  1. Making exams add up: the effects of aggregation

    Neil Stringer explains how we combine exam paper scores to produce a subject grade, what this means for grade boundaries, and why we maintain standards at subject level.

  2. Making the most of examiner judgement

    Neil Stringer considers the role of examiners’ judgements in maintaining examination standards over time.

  3. Setting examination standards: A global perspective

    Lena Gray reflects on an international standard-setting project, which has led to the publication of a groundbreaking new book