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  1. Setting and maintaining GCSE and GCE grading standards: the case for contextualised cohort-referencing

    Neil Stringer

    General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) and General Certificate of Education (GCE) grading standards are determined by Awarding Bodies using procedures that adhere to the Code of Practice published by the regulator, Ofqual....

  2. Sleeping in or selecting out? Candidates' absence from GCSE examinations

    Suzanne Chamberlain

    For a multitude of reasons candidates do not always complete all assessments in the examinations they are entered for....

  3. Awarding GCSE and GCE- time to reform the code of practice?

    Ben Jones

    The theme of this paper is that the process by which national general qualifications - the GCSE and GCE in particular - are awarded is no longer fit for purpose....

  4. Fears for tiers: are candidates being appropriately rewarded for their performance in tiered examinations?

    Christopher Wheadon and Anton Béguin

    Tiering is a multi‐stage test design whereby teachers allocate students to a particular difficulty level (tier) of a test. This approach to the challenge of delivering assessments to students with a heterogeneous ability distribution is normal practice in UK public examinations at the age of 16....

  5. How reliable is marking in GCSE English?

    Diana Fowles

    In a re-marking exercise to investigate the reliability of marking in GCSE English examinations, the Principal Examiners’ marks were adopted as ‘true’ marks for comparison with the actual or ‘live’ marks that had been awarded by the appointed examiners....

  6. Public trust and high stakes assessment

    Lucy Billington

    Contemporary society seems to be characterised by a 'crisis of trust'. Opinion polls show a decline in trust in many public institutions and professions. Trust, and its drivers, has been studied in a variety of contexts, including the government, the police force, and the medical profession....

  7. Findings from focus groups: is controlled assessment working?

    Kate Tremain

    This paper reports on the findings of a focus group study designed to explore how teachers have responded to the introduction of controlled assessment. A total of three focus groups were convened....

  8. Numbering nested questions

    Sofia Parkinson and Neil Stringer

    In line with the aim of simplifying and standardising the format of AQA‘s question papers, it has been proposed that all question papers should be numbered using a simple sequential system (i.e. 1, 2, 3… etc.)....