Research library

Browse and search the library of research carried out by the Centre for Education Research and Practice, covering a wide range of topics across education and assessment.

  1. Qualification users’ perceptions and experiences of assessment reliability

    Suzanne Chamberlain

    This paper presents the findings of a study designed to explore qualification users’ perceptions and experiences of reliability in the context of national assessment outcomes in England....

  2. Fully Processed candidates: an analytical solution to the Post-Awarding Drift problem

    Robert Hales

    The number of candidates for whom mark data is available at the time of an award is less than the total entry in the vast majority of cases — the relative difference between these is referred to as the Percentage Fully Processed (PFP)....

  3. The Effects on Schools and Pupils of Modularising GCSEs

    Maggie Heinrich and Neil Stringer

    In 2009, a suite of revised GCSEs was introduced for first teaching. For the first time, all subjects were offered in modular specifications, where previously the majority were only offered linearly....

  4. Analysis of the trends in early entry at GCSE

    Rachel Taylor

    The following paper aims to outline the trends in early entry to GCSE over recent years, drawing upon data available in the literature and reporting on an analysis of all awarding body data from 2007 to 2011....

  5. Is the English Baccalaureate the most appropriate academic core? Subject choice and attainment at GCSE and A-level

    Stuart Cadwallader

    The English Baccalaureate (EBacc) was introduced to encourage the uptake of a set of academic subjects which the government believe will improve the prospects of young people from all backgrounds (Department for Education, 2010)....

  6. Testing the validity of judgements about geography essays using the Adaptive Comparative Judgement method

    Claire Whitehouse

    Adaptive comparative judgement (ACJ) is an alternative to marking that presents judges with pairs of students’ work and asks them to decide, holistically, which piece of work contains more of a specified trait or set of traits....

  7. Using modern test theory to maintain standards in public qualifications in England

    Christopher Wheadon

    This paper describes how item response theory (IRT) methods of test-equating could be applied to the maintenance of public examination standards in England....

  8. Using adaptive comparative judgement to obtain a highly reliable rank order in summative assessment

    Claire Whitehouse and Alastair Pollitt

    Adaptive Comparative Judgment (ACJ) offers an alternative to marking, especially for performance assessments for which achievement can be difficult to describe in mark schemes. The ACJ system uses a web-browser to deliver pairs of candidates’ work to judges....