Research library

Browse and search the library of research carried out by the Centre for Education Research and Practice, covering a wide range of topics across education and assessment.

  1. Constructing validity arguments for test combinations

    Saskia Wools, Theo Eggen and Anton Béguin

    The argument-based approach to validation has been widely adopted in validation theory. However, this approach aims to validate the intended interpretation and use of a single test or assessment. This article proposes an extension of the argument-based approach for validation of multiple tests....

  2. Public service markets: their economics, institutional oversight and regulation

    Xeni Dassiou, Peter Langham, Charles Nancarrow, Alex Scharaschkin and Dan Ward

    Public services in the United Kingdom have been transformed over the past 25 years with the introduction of market-oriented solutions into their provision. This has been characterized by a shift away from state provision to independent providers, and by the introduction of competition and choice....

  3. The effect of differential motivation on IRT linking

    Marie-Anne Mittelhaëuser, Anton Béguin and Klaas Sijtsma

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether simulated differential motivation between the stakes for operational tests and anchor items produces an invalid linking result if the Rasch model is used to link the operational tests....

  4. Does the Extended Project Qualification enhance students’ GCE A-level performance?

    Ben Jones

    The skills nurtured by, and engendered through, the Extended Project Qualification (EPQ) are clearly stipulated, and have led to its becoming an increasingly popular qualification with all its stakeholders: students, colleges, employers and higher education....

  5. Setting the grade standards in the first year of the new GCSEs

    William Pointer

    Reformed GCSEs in English, English Literature and Mathematics are being introduced for first teaching from September 2015 with the first examinations in summer 2017. Other subjects are being reformed to start the following year with first examinations in summer 2018....

  6. Developing grade descriptions for the new GCSEs: considerations and challenges

    Stuart Cadwallader

    Grade descriptions are to be developed for the new GCSE qualifications that will be first taught from September 2015 (Ofqual, 2014). This paper discusses the potential role of grade descriptions in the new qualifications by exploring their purpose and the issues which impact on their effectiveness....

  7. Who is the specialist? The effect of specialisms on the marking reliability of an English literature examination

    Claire Whitehouse

    The effect of examiner specialisms on marking reliability is an under-researched topic. This report explores the topic using multilevel modelling of mark remark data from quality monitoring samples....

  8. Challenges and opportunities for vocational education and training in the light of Raising the Participation Age

    Daniel Acquah

    By 2015, all young people must participate in some form of education and training until they are aged 18. This review discusses the challenges and opportunities involved if vocational education and training is to contribute to this raising of the participation age....