Research library

Browse and search the library of research carried out by the Centre for Education Research and Practice, covering a wide range of topics across education and assessment.

  1. Fears for tiers: are candidates being appropriately rewarded for their performance in tiered examinations?

    Christopher Wheadon and Anton Béguin

    Tiering is a multi‐stage test design whereby teachers allocate students to a particular difficulty level (tier) of a test. This approach to the challenge of delivering assessments to students with a heterogeneous ability distribution is normal practice in UK public examinations at the age of 16....

  2. Item banks and on-demand tests

    Claire Whitehouse

    The aim of this chapter is to provide an overview of the fundamental principles of item banking....

  3. Students' approaches to learning and their performance in the Extended Project pilot

    Anthony Daly and Anne Pinot de Moira

    Within the new framework set out in the final report of the Working Group on 14–19 Reform (2004), an Extended Project Qualification (EPQ) was proposed in England to foster the development of students' independent study skills....

  4. Classification accuracy and consistency in GCSE and A Level examinations offered by the Assessment and Qualifications Alliance (AQA) November 2008 to June 2009

    Christopher Wheadon and Ian Stockford

    The aim of this study was to investigate the classification accuracy and consistency in individual units of GCSE and A level examinations offered by the Assessment and Qualifications Alliance (AQA) from November 2008 to June 2009....

  5. Structuring and formatting examination papers: examiners' views of good practice

    Victoria Spalding

    AQA is in the process of changing its practices, with plans to implement question banking and auto test construction, while embarking on a large scale project to improve the quality of its papers....

  6. Identifying Errant Markers: Quality Assurance Systems in an E-Marking Environment

    Anne Pinot de Moira

    The exploitation of innovative technology in the administration of high stakes national qualifications, has provided the opportunity to develop robust quality assurance systems to monitor and improve marking reliability....

  7. Public perceptions of reliability

    Suzanne Chamberlain

    This report forms part of Ofqual’s Reliability of Results two-year research programme (Strand 3: ‘Public Perceptions of Reliability’)....

  8. Assessment expertise project: validity of assessment

    Neil Stringer

    When candidates take a test, whether it is a written examination, a practical performance, or submitting a portfolio of work, it is taken so that an examiner can assess the candidate’s performance relative to a standard....