Lesley Meyer

Senior Researcher
The issue of the number of grades a qualification offers is currently a hot topic; University staff are complaining that they are unable to discriminate between the most able candidates when considering applicants to their courses and there are claims from some quarters that the International...
Since being introduced for first teaching in 1986, GCSE qualifications have been subject to much criticism and their value is now being questioned. This paper gives a brief overview of the background to the GCSE qualification system, and then considers factors against and in favour of it....
All awarding organisations offering general, curriculum embedded qualifications carry out standard setting. Put succinctly, this is the process of establishing one or more grade boundaries for an examination, which divide the distribution of candidates test performances into two or more categories...
Assessing students’ work and awarding a mark requires human judgement. For example, two people assessing the same piece of work may disagree on whether a skill has been demonstrated to a particular level or whether a student’s written answer is clear. Or, a person may mark and then re-mark a piece...
In AQA, Objective Tests (OTs) have, in GCSEs generally, historically been awarded via a process known as 'back calculation' from other components. More recently, other methods such as Angoff (GCE) and KS3 predicted outcomes/IRT (GCSE Science) have also been employed. However, back calculation and...
Awarding meetings are essentially unchanged since their inception, with Senior examiners coming together to look at statistical information and candidates' work. Modern techniques permit different approaches to this process whilst preserving the validity of the process by incorporating the views of...